Graphics Dictionary

Discussion in 'Other' started by Ajit, Aug 19, 2008.

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  1. Ajit

    Ajit Active Member

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    If you don't see a word that you think should be here, pm me :)
    DO NOT post comments here. Please post any comments or questions you may have in the other Graphics Dictionary Thread..or you can pm me. :)


    Graphics Dictionary

    Abstract : art that is either impossible in reality or has no identifiable objects
    Example

    Addition (layer mode) : layer mode which makes the image much brighter

    Airbrush (tool) : used to paint with a brush with different settings in rate and pressure

    Aliasing : when an object's edges are not blended at all, and is visibly pixelated, it is known as aliasing
    Example

    Alignment (tool) : used to move around layers and objects

    Anchor Layer : merges a floated layer

    Anti-Aliasing : smoothing out pixelated borders of an object
    Example

    Autocrop Image : remove empty borders from the image

    Background : Objects in an image that are in the back, usually not the focal point, often is found to be a repetitive pattern that won't detract from the focal point

    Batch : large group of images, usually referred to when editing a large group of images

    Bevel : effect of raising an image to appear 3-D by lighting specific areas and shading others
    Example

    Blend (tool) : used to create a gradient

    Blur : blends the difference between a pixel and it's surrounding pixels together, creating a blurry effect

    Blur/Sharpen (tool) : used to blur or sharpen parts of an image

    Border : the area that surrounds the outside of an image or object

    Brush : usually refers to a custom brush that is downloaded from a site

    Bucket Fill (tool) : used to fill a selected area with the foreground color or pattern

    Bump Map : uses another layer to create an emboss effect

    Burn (layer mode) : a layer mode where the layer is much darker

    Busy : a word often used to critique someone's work that has distracting elements, often causes of a busy piece of art is: Multiple focal points, too much text, and too many effects
    Example

    C4D : short for Cinema4D, a program used to render 3d abstract objects. A C4D (referring to the actual art and not the program) is a 3d abstract object. Other programs like Blender can create these images
    Example

    Canvas: the visible workspace that you have your image on, the canvas is not actually part of the image size

    Clone (tool) : used to copy one area of an image and paint it onto another area of the image

    Color (layer mode) : a layer mode where the hue and saturation of the upper layer and the value of the lower layer are used to result in the final image

    Color Picker (tool) : change your current foreground color in the pallete to the color of the pixel clicked on

    Color to Alpha : covert a specified color to transparency

    Contrast : colors that are far apart on the color scale such as red and green; areas of an image are very dark compared to other areas that are very dark
    Example

    Crop : to change the size of an image by removing selected pixels

    Crop (tool) : used to remove edges from an image

    Curves : orientation and saturation of colors

    Darken (layer mode) : layer mode where only pixels of the top layer that are darker than the ones below it are visible

    Deinterlace : restore an image that has had every other row of pixels deleted

    Desaturate : act of converting an image to grayscale

    Difference (layer mode) : a layer mode where the color is completely inverted

    Displace : causes pixels to be moved according to a selected layer

    Divide (layer mode) : a layer mode that usually makes the image brighter

    Dodge (layer mode) : a layer mode where the image is usually much brighter

    Dodge/Burn (tool) : lighten or darken certain areas of an image

    DPI : stands for dots per inch, the difference on a computer is nonexistent, but when printing images, 300 DPI is a good number, same as PPI, or pixels per inch

    Drop Shadow : a shadow effect that is "dropped" or moved behind and down from the original image, used to give the illusion of a 3D image
    Example

    Dual Tone (Duo Tone) - an image that is shades of two colors
    Example

    Duplicate : copy the current selection, layer, or image

    Ellipse Select (tool) : used for selecting circular areas

    Eraser (tool) : used to erase areas of an image

    Equalize : act of correcting contrast

    Feather : to blur the selection border so that it fades out smoothly

    Filter : an automatic plug-in that performs a specified operation, such as blurring or sharpening

    Flatten Image : combines all layers into one layer and removes transparency

    Float : create a floating selection

    Focal Point : the target of the picture, what is supposed to be the highlight of the image, sometimes brought out by blurring the background
    Example

    Foreground : objects in an image that are in the front, usually the focal point

    Foreground Select (tool) : used to select areas within the foreground

    Free Select (tool) : used to select areas free hand, or by the mouse

    Fuzzy Select (tool) : used to select an area based on color

    GIF : file type that stands for Graphic Interchange Format, displays only 256 colors but has a small file size, also used for picture animations

    Gimp : stands for GNU Image Manipulation Program, a graphics program that is very similar to Photoshop, but is free

    Gradient : a blend of two or more colors

    Gradient Map : colors an image using two colors

    Grain Extract (layer mode) : layer mode where the the top layer's color is altered depending on the bottom layer

    Grain Merge (layer mode) : layer mode opposite of grain extract, also provides some similar color to the bottom layer

    Grayscale : have no color other than different shades of black and white

    Grow (selection) : to make the selection larger by X amount of pixels

    Grunge : an art style that uses "dirty" looking brushes and patterns, some examples being dirt, cracks, and smoke

    Hard Light (layer mode) : layer mode which brings out the brightest parts of the layer

    Healing (tool) : used to fix irregularities in an image

    Hue : aspect of a color like red or blue along with saturation and lightness

    Hue (layer mode) : a layer mode where the hue of the upper layer and the saturation/value of the lower layer are used to result in the final image

    Ink (tool) : used to paint in a calligraphy style

    Invert : the opposite of, used as in inverting color or inverting selections

    Jitter : an effect that can be added to tools using brushes, randomly applies the brush to areas near where the mouse is clicked

    JPEG (JPG) : stands for Joint Photographic Electronic Group, one of the most common file types for images that is usually understood to be the standard

    Landscape : an image that is wider than tall

    Layer : one slice of an image, used in advanced image editing programs, a basic item when creating advanced images

    Layer Mask : an addition to a normal layer that allows non-destructive editing of transparency

    Lens : an extension to a camera that magnifies how far one can see, all cameras require at least a basic lens

    Lens Distortion : a common occurrence when using a camera, causes the picture to look deformed

    Lens Flare : a common occurrence when taking a picture with a camera when the sun is in the camera's view, causes a light distortion across the picture

    Levels : orientation and saturation of colors

    Lighten Only (layer mode) : layer mode where only pixels of the top layer that are lighter than the ones below it are visible

    Line Art : an image, usually not a finished product, that is black and white with no shading

    Low Resolution : an image that is not of the highest quality, especially when referring to prints

    Mask to Selection : replace the selection with the layer mask

    Measure (tool) : used to measure angles and distances in an image

    Merge Layer : merges a layer to the layer below it

    Merge Visible Layers : combines all visible layers into one layer

    Multiply (layer mode) : layer mode that makes a layer darker, if the layer below it is black, the top layer will be black, if the layer below it is white, nothing will change

    Negative : an image that has inverted colors; what is actually produced when developing film

    Noise : loss of quality in an image through random pixels that were not part of the picture
    Example

    Normalize : act of stretching brightness values to cover the full range of an image

    Offset : shift the pixels, optionally wrapping around

    Opacity : the adjustment of how well an image can be seen through, an image with a large number, or a high opacity, isn't as easy to see through as an image with a low opacity

    Outline : a rough sketch or planning of an image that is not the final result

    Overlay (layer mode) : a layer mode where the layer is usually darkened, and leaves behind some of the color of the top layer

    Paintbrush (tool) : used to create a softer mark using a brush

    Paths (tool) : used to create and edit paths, which is an advanced way of select regions

    Pencil (tool) : used to create a hard edge mark using a brush

    Pixel : picture element, the most basic object in a picture, each pixel is one color

    Pixelize : simplify the image into larger pixels

    PNG : stands for Portable Network Graphics, an image file that is compatible with transparency

    Posterize : act of reducing an image two a limited range of colors

    PPI : stands for pixels per inch, the difference on a computer is nonexistent, but when printing images, 300 PPI is a good number, same as DPI, or dots per inch

    Profile : image that is taller than wide; also used when referring to a person's face from the side

    PSD : file extension name for Photoshop

    Quick Mask : a method of selecting certain parts of a picture by turning the picture temporarily to red, then you erase what you don't want to be part of the selection

    Raster : images based on a scale of pixels, loses considerable quality when scaled, unlike a vector image

    Rectangle Select (tool) : used to select a rectangle or square area

    Red Eye : a common side effect of taking pictures of people with a flash. Causes the person's eyes to appear red

    Render : to generate something, usually using preset parameters; an object that was cut out from it's background, generally put onto other backgrounds

    Retouching : to make small edits to an image to improve the quality

    RGB : color model using the base colors red, green, and blue. Used for moniters, but not for prints

    Rip : to steal someone else's work and claim it as your own

    Rotate : to move an image around to the left or right

    Saturation : how colorful an image is, an image with little saturation has a lot of gray in it

    Saturation (layer mode) : a layer mode where the saturation of the upper layer and the hue/value of the lower layer are used to result in the final image

    Scale : to change the size of a layer, selection, image, or brush

    Scan Lines : thin lines close together that go in a diagonal direction

    Scissors Select (tool) : select a region with intelligent selections that detect edges

    Screen (layer mode) : a layer mode which usually results in the image being brighter, and a sort of washed out look, if the layer below it is black, nothing changes, if the layer below it is white, the top layer is white, dark colors are more transparent

    Select By Color (tool) : used to select a region with similar color

    Selection : your current workspace, usually signified by moving dashes (walking ants)

    Sepia Tone : image that has a brown tint to it

    Sharpen : makes the contrast between a pixel and it's surrounding pixels further apart

    Sharpen (selection) : to remove fuzziness from the selection

    Shrink (selection) : to make the selection smaller by X amount of pixels

    Sig (abbreviation) : short for signature, a small piece of art usually around 350X100 to 400X200 in size, often using an outside source such as a render

    Smudge (tool) : used to smudge one area of an image onto another area

    Soft Light (layer mode) : a layer mode similar to overlay, makes edges softer and colors not as bright

    Subtract (layer mode) : a layer mode that makes the image much darker, often resulting in black areas

    Threshold : image with only two colors

    Thumbnail : an icon of an image that has been downsized for quick and convenient viewing

    TIFF : image file type name that stands for Tagged Image File Format, high quality and uncompressed, has a large file size

    Tileable : when an image can be stacked next to itself on all sides, creating a pattern with no noticeable edges

    Transform : common term generally used for changing an image's size, rotation, or position

    Tut (abbreviation) : short for tutorial

    Value (layer mode) : a layer mode where the value of the upper layer and the saturation/hue of the lower layer are used to result in the final image

    Value Invert : act of inverting the brightness of each pixel of an image

    Vector : an art style that uses some abstract objects and other images that are one color, some examples being arrows, circles and semi-circles, and urban items such as lamp posts; an image that can be scaled indefinitely and not begin to pixelize
    Example

    Vexel : art that is similar to the style of vector, but will lose quality when scaled up, often used for smaller images to show a sharpened image

    Washed Out : an image that seems almost colorless
    Example

    XCF : file extension name for GIMP, stands for eXperimental Computing Facility

    Zealous Crop : autocrop unused space from edges and middle

    Zoom : to increase the size of the pixels on-screen in order to make finer edits

    Zoom (tool) : used to adjust the zoom of an image
     
  2. Waytbee

    Waytbee New Member

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    wow dude thanks, I've been known to forget ALOT of these terms

    so thank you very much!
     
  3. Ajit

    Ajit Active Member

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    hey no problem :)
     
  4. AznFX

    AznFX Member

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    Wow, now I understand more.

    My brain is growing slightly more bigger.
     
  5. Ajit

    Ajit Active Member

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    :) glad you like it
     
  6. undrgrnd

    undrgrnd Member

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    i have yet to see how that healing tool is used. . .
     
  7. sglider12

    sglider12 Active Member

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    I thought you didn't want comments to be posted here?
     
  8. Ajit

    Ajit Active Member

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    yeah i asked Gimper a while back to unlock this thread so i could update it so it never got re-locked. If someone (mod/admin) wants to move these comments to my other graphics dictionary thread thats cool, but no big deal
     
  9. Bayrock14

    Bayrock14 Member

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    Will Definitely Use,Great Job Ajit! :)

    EDIT:Sorry for Commenting!
     
  10. Ajit

    Ajit Active Member

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    no problem :)
     
  11. 25000st

    25000st Member

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    Very useful. Biggest dictionary I've seen. Thanks!
     
  12. Ajit

    Ajit Active Member

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    no problem :)
     
  13. 6gallons

    6gallons New Member

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    hey ajit...
    thanks a bunch for all this..
    this is really great for a new comer like me..though its hard to remeber all this so soon but i m sure frequent usage will help.
    good work...
     
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